On this Memorial Day, remember that American soldiers died so that ALL people could enjoy the right to live as families, to contribute to the world around them, and so that people do not have to hide from oppressive government. Unfortunately, many Americans think that Memorial Day is a day that we celebrate how much better US Citizens are than everyone else, and how important it is that we don't let anyone else into our country. (A little harsh I know, but see my explanation below).
Here is a story about an undocumented man who was just deported this month, leaving behind a U.S. Citizen spouse who suffers an uncertain future. Use this link: http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/the-other-side-of-deportation-an-american-struggles-to-prepare-for-life-without-husband/2014/05/24/12de381e-e1ab-11e3-8dcc-d6b7fede081a_story.html
My wife and I were only apart for 16 months, because the U.S.
government would not allow her to re-enter the country after our first
trip to see her family together. We were allowed to file a case with
USCIS and I kept working in the US, and visiting her about every six
months. It was hard, especially for her. I tried to keep my mind on my
to-do list like Zunaid (deported in the above article), thinking just as he said "we will be okay." I
visited my members of congress, consulted with lawyers, sought support
among local church members, friends, and family. My wife is a
lawful permanent resident now, but many of our friends are not so
Our friend Madina had her husband deported for a minimum of 10
years. Their appeal was denied because of a minor immigration
technicality that was introduced in 1996. This 1996 law states that
non-criminal violations of immigration policy such as staying over on a
visa will no longer be forgiven for those married to a U.S. citizen. The
best people, the most community service minded, the most faithful and
loving, can now be deported for things as simple as a traffic stop, if
they have an immigration policy infraction from anytime in their life.
Most people feel sympathetic once they know someone who went through
this, but some of my so-called "friends" still comment that it is the
fault of the U.S. citizen. They say we could move to our spouse's
country. They say, it was our fault to marry the person to begin with.
They say we get what was coming to us. Are you ready for what is coming
to you? (Not a threat, just something to ponder--whether we are really
better or more important/forgivable than anyone else around us.)
Many of us--who suffer from immigration policy--in this position feel
that most of our politicians are no better than the Internet trolls who post
comments to say that it is the fault of the family. They say we get what
was coming to us. They say that if we love our spouses, we would leave
behind our sick, dying, or disabled family members; we would leave
behind our careers which we spent several years to get specialized in;
we would go into countries where we can't speak the language; we would
go into countries where our spouses left because they did not want to
live there or it was dangerous; we would go there if we really love
them. They say it is our fault for getting married in the first place.
They say law is God and law comes first.
Some of our friends make
considerate comments about how horrible the current laws are. Most of
our friends don't have anything to say at all. Some few friends insist
on posting bigoted comments like the ones posted on the article linked to above. And other friends still
do not post anything nasty to us directly, but I notice the posts in my
news feed that talk about how "illegals" are stealing our jobs and
should all be sent home or some other anti-reform posts which masquerade as American pride or conservatism. Those posts do
not target my family specifically, but those posts do imply an attitude
of holier-than-thou and a lack of well-reasoned compassion.
Sometimes when we have been lobbying for years and we have no
common-sense bills being moved past committee, sometimes we think that
our politicians are just as clueless as the chat room trolls. And it is
easy to believe it. They have a lot of other issues on their minds. The
world is full of evil. There are murders that suggest a need for gun
control. There is drug violence and a lowering of IQ that suggests a
need for drug debate. There are issues about education, work, marriage
rights. There are issues in these very politicians families. Perhaps
they have a rebellious child, perhaps they have a dying mother. There
are organ harvesting schemes, and rumors of nuclear attack, and
political game playing, and the list never ends. I am not surprised that
US citizen mixed status families are really not getting their due of
attention, but as one who was apart from his wife for 16 months, I wish
it was different.
26 May 2014
Accreditation vs. Certification for Genealogists
Michael W. McCormick, BS
Michael W. McCormick, BS
Disclaimer: This article may contain some inaccuracies, and definitely contains unofficial opinion of the author; Even that opinion is subject to change and additional information. Corrections from ICAPGen or BCG board members are both appreciated and welcome. For official information about ICAPGen or BCG please visit their respective websites. (http://www.icapgen.org/ and http://www.bcgcertification.org/)
Updated: 5/26/2014 12:40 MT Corrections are inserted in brackets [example] and will be marked with the author's initials, as well as coloring for emphasis.
ICAPGen board member Kelly Summers' (KS) comments are blue.
The author's additions are MM and marked purple.
ICAPGen board member Kelly Summers' (KS) comments are blue.
The author's additions are MM and marked purple.
The credentialing process for the International Commission for the Accreditation of Professional Genealogists (ICAPGen) is a three-part approach. First, you submit a four-generation research report. Second, you take a two-part written exam. Third, you have an oral review with two or three current AG professionals. Upon completion, you will be called an Accredited Genealogist (AG). The Board for Certification of Genealogist (BCG) requires only a seven-part portfolio. Upon completion, you will be called a Certified Genealogist (CG). BCG’s credentialing process will be selectively discussed below within the context of the ICAPGen process, and my own opinions will be given.
The Four-Generation Report
The four-generation report is in cookie-cutter style. By that, I mean that you must fit into ICAPGen testing requirements, which seem somewhat restrictive to me as a professional genealogist. The project must be hand selected for all four generations of your family to live in your area of interest. The youngest of the four generations must focus on a person who was born before 1900. In addition, you are not allowed to do a compiled narrative report, but must present a pedigree, family group records, and a traditional research report as separate parts. The ICAPGen project also requires that you use both original and compiled sources, while the BCG process emphasizes the preference for original records. [This is not a requirement. We prefer original sources and in some countries it is only original sources. However, you will need to know any compiled resources that will lead you to original sources.-KS] [I apologize for exaggerating and I appreciate the clarification. It is the lack of explanation for this phrase that tripped me up. I would like to see methodology explained along with the list of requirements more like BCG's Genealogy Standards manual provides. The statement on the ICAPGen website is as follows: "The project should encompass both compiled and original records." Italics added for emphasis. (ICAPGen, "The Application and Four-Generation Project," online
accessed 26 May 2014.) Although the website does not say must, it says should, and I believe that word "should" should be further clarified by including Kelly's statement on the official website: "We prefer original sources." Perhaps a link should be inserted to a webpage where the importance of original vs. compiled is explained, and where ICAPGen should explicitly state that compiled sources are not mandatory. In addition, might I suggest that instead of saying that the applicant should use compiled and original, you might say that the applicant "may" use compiled sources along with original sources.-MM] I side with BCG here, although
I see ICAPGen’s desire is most likely to ensure that the researcher is familiar
with both types. Some of these points will be discussed further.
The project must be hand selected for all four generations to live in your area of interest. This is required because when you test with ICAPGen you test for a specific geographical area. For example, I chose to test for the Mid-Atlantic United States because I have significant experience in that region, and I have ancestral lines that fit the requirements for the credential. This forces you to learn records for a certain area and use those in your project. At the same time, this makes the project less real-world because you must handpick a line that has probably already been researched in order to ensure that all four generations do live in your area of interest. It is okay for the purposes of this credential that this line may have already been researched, but for the BCG credential, you will be required to do a fresh client report for a line, which you are not related to. There is a big difference between proving an already established line, as required in the ICAPGen project, vs. researching a fresh line according to a client objective. [Agreed, if an applicant chooses to research an established line, the experts will closely examine anything that this person has contributed to the original research. Using an established line does not demonstrate the applicant’s depth and breadth of knowledge in any area. I would suggest that this is not a good choice for a project. The idea is to show your abilities. However, these items will be tested in depth in the exam, regardless of the project submitted.-KS] [Fair enough. It is just the nature of the project requiring something that you could not possibly know until research is undertaken by someone--where four generations lived. You can't know that unless they have already been researched. Of course, the applicant can research as many names as needed until they find one that fits.-MM] The BCG version allows that you may not meet the objective, but that you must show sound research methodology, show that you looked in the right places, and that you created a professional final product. The BCG portfolio does not need to be focused on any region that you choose, and you do not earn the CG credential for any particular region.
For the ICAPGen project, the youngest of the four generations must focus on a person born before 1900. This requirement is different from the BCG process as well. In the BCG process, for the kinship-determination portion of your portfolio, you are allowed to begin with anyone except yourself or your siblings. You may include living persons only if their permission is expressly granted and included in the portfolio. As a forensic genealogist and professional heir searcher, I do much work after 1900. This part of the BCG process feels more real-world to me.
For ICAPGen, you are not allowed to do a compiled narrative report, but must present a pedigree, family group records, and a traditional research report as separate parts. I feel that this is restrictive and more LDS-centric. As the founder of the accreditation process, the Family History Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints influenced the ICAPGen process. [You are correct that a pedigree, FGRs and a traditional report is expected by ICAPGen. These are the real world expectations of paying clients throughout the world, not just Utah. The experience of our Accredited Genealogists® who research for both US and International clients have confirmed these expectations. ICAPGen is focused on professional genealogists doing client work, for a restricted about of time and defined amount of money. Organizing research findings in a manner that can be quickly reviewed and added to, is crucial. Very rarely does a professional get the chance to complete a whole research project in one research segment. Thus, most of our work is “work in progress”. Sometimes a client will ask for a biography, a narrative or a compiled lineage. However, these are not produced until after the research for that information has been completed and the client will receive both the traditional client reports and the requested narrative, etc.-KS] [I have both completed small projects for clients, and received research from other genealogists that did not include Pedigree or FGR forms. Obviously we are not talking about individual look-ups here, but even when a family group or two is researched, I have often seen reports that have a bullet point list naming the children directly in the report. One of the best genealogists I have hired personally actually provides his reports in compiled pedigree format. My own opinion was that I liked that better than a report and FGRs/Pedigree seperately. I am not an AG yet and I cannot speak for the experience of most AGs as a whole, but I have personally been on both the professional and client end of other forms of reports, and it has brought great satisfaction.-MM] ICAPGen became independent in in 2000. I see pedigree charts and family group records as forms created for the LDS or for genealogy software purposes. I also prefer to be able to choose my report format because I appreciate the convenience of the BCG process in being able to merge a report and the genealogy content together. This creates a compiled narrative format such as a genealogy, lineage, or pedigree. There are about three reports required for the BCG portfolio, and the client report is most applicable to the forgoing discussion.
The Written Exam
The written exam is somewhat restrictive too. At this time, the only testing locations available are the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, the DAR Library in Washington, D.C., and the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana. [This is not true. Just this quarter we had exams administered in Canada, Idaho and Cedar City. As a person passes Level 1, we address accommodations for administering the Level 2 exam. We have administered the exam in multiple countries so far and look to administering these exams in more countries and in multiple languages. Our next language is Spanish. Other information you may be interested in knowing. ICAPGen recognizes that a person with a genealogy credential has demonstrated a high level of genealogical research ability. ICAPGen offers to genealogists with either credential the opportunity to apply for a second credential with reduced (half the required hours) experience hours.-KS] [I misinterpreted the following statement from the official ICAPGen website: "If you cannot travel to Salt Lake City, Utah to take the exam, you may indicate on your application that you wish to take the exam in another facility. Alternate facilities at this time include the DAR Museum in Washington, D.C. and the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana." (ICAPGen, "The Written Exam & Oral Review," online
accessed 26 May 2014.) It says "include," but it does not say, "these are the only places." I just thought that was implied by the word "include." I think this is just one of several examples where the ICAPGen website needs updating. Some of the mentoring courses and the website are out of date, and throw off potential applicants like myself.] This is required because tests
are written according to what research resources are available at each particular
repository. You cannot expect someone to find X record during a timed test,
unless you know that they are in a repository where that record is readily
available. This is another reason why I have begun to lean more toward to BCG’s
credential as being a more “real-world” process for credentialing. A potential
down-side of BCG’s credential is that there is no timed test, and a timed test
is a controlled environment where one of a professional genealogist’s most
important skills can be tested: the ability to turn out professional work in
the time agreed upon with the client. Even the knowledge recall portion of the
ICAPGen exam is an important consideration when evaluating the difference
between the two credentials. The BCG credential is entirely without a test. You
simply submit a seven part
After studying the two processes more in-depth, I feel that the BCG process’ flexibility is more real-world, ad that causes me to lean toward them as the more reputable credential. I personally prefer their flexibility, and emphasis on methodology. At the same time, I see real value in the regional focus, timed exam, and oral review that ICAGen offers. Therefore, my personal choice may be to complete both processes. I am working on the AG credential first because that is a goal I set two years ago. I am LDS myself, and I am now living in Salt Lake City, Utah. Therefore, an LDS-centric or Utah-centric feeling credential is not a down-side for me. While I live here, I would like to take the test at the Family History Library. In addition, I am aware from peers that both credentials are highly sought in the workplace, and among a high-tier of clients. My short-term goals include submitting my ICAPGen report by the end of June, and completing Salt Lake Community College’s Preparing for Your United States Credential course this summer. My long-term goals include testing with ICAPGen in August or November at the latest, and completing my AG credential by the end of 2014.